Functional structure

What are the characteristics of the functional structure? What is an example of a functional organizational structure? What does functional structure mean? A functional organizational structure is a structure used to organize workers. They are grouped based on their specific skills and knowledge.

It vertically structures each department with roles from president to finance and sales departments, to customer service, to employees assigned to one product or service.

Each functional unit handles one aspect of the product or service pr. See full list on upcounsel. When employees who have similar skills and experiences are grouped together, it makes production more efficient and of a higher quality. Roles and tasks do not change very much so there is little time spent learning, and accountability is clear.

Since the hierarchy is simple, employees know the one manager they are to answer to, instead of multiple people. If promotions are not handled well, an employee may be discouraged if a lower performing peer is promoted over them. Problems may arise among management if department heads are only focused on their department and do not communicate effectively with other departments.

If employees and management are.

Larger companies are better suited to use the functional organizational structure, especially ones that produce just a few types of goods or services. Smaller companies may not need the structure or may find it too constraining. Under this structure, the organization groups employees according to a specialized or similar set of roles or tasks. Other articles from smallbusiness. ORGANIZATION structure where activities are grouped into DEPARTMENTS by function , and formal COORDINATION occurs at the apex.

Such structures provide a generally effective means of coordination both within departments and across the organization as a whole, when there is a single product or service. Each is headed by a functional manager and employees are grouped as per their role. Functional managers have experience in the roles they supervise.

It helps organizations in achieving their business objectives. Each department has a head responsible for it. These employees are very skilled. The following are a few benefits of the functional organizational structure : 1. Their roles and responsibilities are fixe facilitating easy accountability for the work. The hierarchy is clear.

This means the system. Communication is frictionless within the department. Work is not duplicated as all departments have defined responsibilities.

Because of job security, employees tend to be loyal to the organization. Cooperation is excellent within the department. The following are a few disadvantages of the functional organizational structure: 1. Employees have a clear career growth path.

Conflicts may ariseif the performance appraisal system is not properly managed. A highly skilled employee costs more. The departments have a self-centered mentality. There is a lack of teamwork among different departments.

The functional structure is rigid and adapting to changes difficult and slow. Decision making is slow due to the bureaucratic hierarchy. Personal bias may affect e. Finding a real-world example of a well-known functional organization is difficult.

A small organization dealing with production can be similar to a functional structure. However, as they grow, they will need elements of a projectized structure. Research-based projects to launch a new product 2. Projects to improve their product or operations 3. Though, finding an example of a weak matrix structure is easy. Weak matrix structures closely resemble a functional structure. Those involved with ongoing operations adopt this model.

Here, employees feel secure, perform well, and tend to be highly skilled. Project managers do not have any role in a functional organization. If they exist, they will have a very limited role and no authority. In a functional organization, employees’ roles are static and they report to the functional manager.

Are you working in a functional organization? If yes, please share your experience in the comments section. You will see a few questions on this topic in your exam. The most common structure found within organizations, functional structure consists of units or departmental groups identified by specialty, such as engineering, development, marketing, finance, sales or human resources that are controlled from the top level of management. Every organization needsan efficient organizational structure if it wants to survive and flourish in these competitive times.

There will be disorder, chaos, and inefficiency if you do not implement a proper structure that is ideal for your type of business. Bear in mind that it is the organization that determines the working culture of a place and what is the role and responsibility of an employee in that place. Remember you have a static role to play in these types of structures and report to the functional manager.

Every single department has a head that is directly responsible for the people working under him. All of them report directly to the head. When the company grows, it will start adding further heads and top management officers, but at the beginning, it is a perfect set-up for functional organizational structure. For example, the adv. The important features of functional organization structure are as follows- 1. It assigns task after evaluating their capabilities and makes sure that every task utilizes their skill to maximum capability.

An important feature of a functional organization is that it encourages healthy competition amongst its members. The advantages of the functional organization are as follows- 1. The highly-efficient linear structure helps to give clear instructions to every employee within the department. The execution of the said instructions also becomes easier. All the individuals or workers are grouped on the basis of their similar know-how and skills. It in optimal performance.

The responsibility of every worker and all the departments are fixed those in exact accountability of their work. The chain of commandis very explicit and clear, and everyone knows which decisions are theirs to make and which to defer to other authorities. It becomes easier to monitor the growth and update the training of the employees. The organization can easily cultivate the skills of several individuals to create an extraor. The disadvantages of the functional organization are as follows- 1. When nearly similar skilled people are working together, conflicts may arise when one employee is promoted whereas others are not.

As the company starts growing, the departments also become larger. Each one of them becomes a small company in itself because of the number of people working in it. The repetitive kind of work can become monotonous and lead to low energy levels. In most cases, the employees of one department have little knowledge about the happenings of other departments, and this causes obstacles if any sort of cooperation is needed by one department from another department.

Any business employing more than a few people needs to organize itself into a structure that defines how information travels within the company, and how workers in different roles and at different levels of responsibility relate to each other. Organizational structures increase efficiency by ensuring that all employees know to whom they report and from whom they take direction regarding their work activities. The two most common types of organizational structure are known as functional and divisional. Divisional organizational structures divide the corporation into units based on factors such as geography or product line.

A national retail chain might have a division for each state or region where it has sales outlets. Each division behaves like its own company, with its own top-level management and its own subdivided units. The lines of authority seen in functional structures provide for clear channels of communication and clear expectations about who reports to whom.

Within each functional unit, employees of related specialties work together, providing for ease of information sharing. The hierarchical structure makes it easy to identify promotional paths for employees, providing an additional motivating factor for the workers. The major disadvantages of functional structures are the built-in barriers to interdepartmental communications and the tendency for specialists within a unit to develop tunnel vision, which can stifle innovation.

A company with this structure is efficient as long as it stays within its founding purpose, but it may respond ineffectively if outer circumstances change or the organization seeks new areas of operation. In a divisional organization, personnel from multiple specialties work together on projects. Because the major divisions operate on the same level with each other, the projects have a better chance of getting the resources and funding they need. Also, if the divisions are very large, they might tend to organize themselves functionally, thus experiencing the same disadvantages that are typical of functional structures.

Example Though titles vary depending on the organization, each unit in a functional structure includes employees who are trained to perform specialized tasks. The structure of an organization determines how employees, teams, and work responsibilities are organized in order to meet final needs and goals. All departments are responsible for their own operations, KPIs and management of resources. Some of the advantages of a functional structure include better skill development, a clear chain of comman expedited decision making, qualified supervision and specialized organizational.

The next type of traditional design an organization can utilize is the functional structure.